Category Archives: Review

The Relation between Depression and Water Insecurity in Uganda.

A study has shown a very interesting finding of depression in Africa. Women residing in water inadequate areas suffered from depression. The study finds an association between depression in women and household water insecurity. The women associated at 70% greater risk in water insecurity rural Ugandan areas (Cooper-Vince et al., 2018).
Uganda developed a reliable and valid tool to measure a Water Insecurity in Southern Uganda. The tool Household Water Insecurity Access Scale (HWIAS) used to measure water insecurity in the households(Swindale & Bilinsky, 2006). The tool had an 8 self-report and 8-item measure of household water insecurity with score 0-24. The tool designed to bring out perception of the quality, the quantity of water, and anxiety about the uncertainty of water (Tsai AC, Kakuhikire B, Mushavi R, Vořechovská D, Perkins JM, McDonough AQ, 2016).
The Hopkins Symptom Checklist-Depression Subscale (HSCL-D) assessed the depression in the past week. The HSCL-D has 15 item of self-report symptoms of anxiety and depression.
This study finding suggests the need for focal screening of depression in water-deprived households. It indicates that water facility will improve the women’s mental health (Cooper-Vince et al., 2018). We can apply the variables in the study to assess the mental health state of women living in water insecure areas in Nepal.
Continue reading The Relation between Depression and Water Insecurity in Uganda.

Tuberculosis still Challenging Public Health

Nawaraj Subba*


Health workers used to say Tuberculosis (TB) as a disease like common cold which is easily curable by taking drug. Multi drug regimen and DOTS has really opened new horizon on TB control programme. Globally, commencement of HIV/AIDS has created barrier on the way of this TB control programme. Now, Multi drug regimen has added more challenge in this endeavor which is difficult and forbiddingly expensive to treat. Continue reading Tuberculosis still Challenging Public Health

Right to Health

Nawaraj Subba

What is the Right to Health?

Every woman, man, youth and child has the human right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, without discrimination of any kind. Enjoyment of the human right to health is vital to all aspects of a person’s life and well-being, and is crucial to the realization of many other fundamental human rights and freedoms. Continue reading Right to Health

Morang Innovative Neonatal Intervention 2006 (Summary)

Nepal is one of the countries having highest IMR in the world. Nepal has experienced the trend of under 5 mortality rate over last two decades, as remarkable decrease in <5 yrs mortality but not change in neonatal mortality rate. Safe motherhood programmes, Community Based-Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (CB-IMCI) programmes have been going on in primary health care package, but it has proved to be inadequate to address the particular neonatal health care. Such evidence based data has guided us to make a neonatal health policy in the country. Now, National Neonatal Health Policy 2004 has been formulated in the country. Policy has opened rooms for piloting neonatal health care in district. Morang district has now neonatal health care programme, which mainly aims at reducing neonatal deaths by controlling neonatal infections. Continue reading Morang Innovative Neonatal Intervention 2006 (Summary)

Lot Quality Assessment Survey Morang 2006 (Summary)

Morang is one of the Terai district located in Eastern Development Region. It is considered as having many non governmental organizations being involved in carrying out public health activities. According to the UNDP report 2001, human development index of the district is in better position among the districts in Eastern Development Region. Health Management Information System (HMIS) has also reported as the situation of the district is in increasing trend of coverage and achievement. But, these data mainly include service indicators which are collected by service providers from health institutions and by volunteers. Continue reading Lot Quality Assessment Survey Morang 2006 (Summary)