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Nawa Raj Subba, Managing Hepatitis Outbreak in Biratnagar Nepal, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 808-814. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20150306.12
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Nawa Raj Subba, Suicides in Ilam District of Nepal, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2015, pp. 137-141. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20150406.11. 
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Nawa Raj Subba. Traditional Practices on Mother and Child Health Care in Rajbanshi Community of Nepal. American Journal of Health Research. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 310-317. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20150305.18, 
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Nawa Raj Subba, Shishir Subba. Postpartum Depression Relating to Smoking and Drinking Habits of Husbands Among Rajbanshi Mothers in Nepal. American Journal of Health Research. Vol.3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 293-297.doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20150305.15. 
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Nawa Raj Subba. (2015). Traditional and Modern Maternal and Child Health Care Practices and its Effects on Rajbanshi Community in Nepal. Journal of Public Health in Developing Countries. 2015 Ph.D. Thesis Abstract. 
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Nawa Raj Subba, Shishir Subba. (2014) Modification of Delivery Practice in Rajbanshi Mothers of Nepal. Journal of Nobel Medical College. Vol. 3, No.1 Issue 5, pp10-15. 
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Nawa Raj Subba. (2013). Delivery Practices among Rajbanshi. Researcher. I, II, July-December, 2013. pp63-71. 
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Nawa Raj Subba. (2011). A Report on Translating Human Rights into Health Realities in Nepal: BNMT’s Rights-Based Approach to Health in the Eastern Development Region. Submitted to Britain Nepal Medical Trust (BNMT).
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Nawa Raj Subba. (2010). Medical Abortion Pilot Study in Jhapa Nepal. Ministry of Health District Public Health Jhapa Nepal. 
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Nawa Raj Subba. (2008). Malaria Prevalence Survey in Jhapa Nepal 2008. Ministry of Health District Public Health Office Jhapa Nepal. Preview

Nawa Raj Subba, Gagan Gurung. (2007). A study of public health indicators of Morang Nepal by Lot Quality assurance sampling method. Nepal Medical College Journal. Vol.9, No.2, June 2007 pp117-119. 
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Nawa Raj Subba, Penny Dawson. (2006). The Morang Innovative Neonatal Intervention (MINI) Program. Ministry of Health District Public Health Morang and MINI program (JSI R & T). 
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Nawa Raj Subba. (2006). Assessment of Morang Innovative Neonatal Intervention 2006. Ministry of Health District Public Health Office Morang, Nepal.
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Nawa Raj Subba. (2004). Health Seeking Behavior of Rajbanshi in Katahari and Baijanathpur of Morang District, Nepal. Journal of Nepal Health Research Council. Vol.2, No.2, October 2004, pp14-17. Preview

Nawa Raj Subba, Deepak Paudel, Shiba B. Karkee, Asha Lal Tamang, Rajmukut Bhusal, Shyam K. Subedi, Laxmi Bhattarai, Basanta K. Parajuli, Shiva R. Acharya, Chanda Rai. (2004). A Summary Report on Assessment of Health Situation in Eastern Development Region of Nepal. The Britain Nepal Medical Trust, Kathmandu, Nepal.
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Nawa Raj Subba. (2003). Demographic Assessment on Vasectomy Clients of Sankhuwasabha Nepal. Nepal Medical College Journal. Vol.5, No.2, December 2003, pp98-99. 
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Managing Hepatitis Outbreak in Biratnagar Nepal

To cite the article: Nawa Raj Subba, Managing Hepatitis Outbreak in Biratnagar Nepal, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 808-814. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20150306.12

Correspondence: dr.subba2015@gmail.com

Abstract
This is a review article on jaundice outbreak occurred in Biratnagar during April-July 2014. The study reviewed the reports on hepatitis outbreak presented by District Public Health Officer Morang during a seminar organized by Nepal Health Research Council (NHRC), District Disaster Management Committee (DDMC) meetings and HMIS (Health Management Information System) database. District Public Health Office (DPHO) recorded 2,789 Jaundice patients in Morang district including Biratnagar city. Most of the patients (80.67%) recorded from Biratnagar. In the outbreak sex ratio of female to male was 0.56:1. Hepatitis infection was highest among 15-29 age groups and noticed remarkable among 15 to 54 years age groups. District Disaster Management Committee declared the outbreak in Biratnagar on April 28 when 95 jaundice patients recorded in the hospitals. The number reached at peak level 176 patients on May 6 and the trend came downward to normal level on July 8, 2014. Total 12 deaths recorded in the outbreak. Of the 8 deaths recorded from Biratnagar, 3 deaths from Morang district and 1 death from Saptari district. In Biratnagar ward No. 11 listed 5 deaths, ward No. 8 listed 2 deaths and ward No. 3 listed 1 death. The case fatality rate in the Biratnagar outbreak calculated as 0.43%. The causes of hepatitis infection were hepatitis viruses E and A. The transmission of infection in Biratnagar was due to sewage contamination through leaking pipes in water distribution. The level of community awareness on taking safe water observed in the Biratnagar. Before the outbreak, people used to drink tap water without treatment. After the outbreak, people changed their behavior to boil or filter water to drink in houses. Many people started to purchase mineral water in jars and bottles from the market. However, government water supply system in Biratnagar is poor which demands an upgrade to meet WHO standard of drinking water.
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Suicides in Ilam District of Nepal

Citation: Nawa Raj Subba, Suicides in Ilam District of Nepal, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2015, pp. 137-141. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20150406.11.

Correspondence: dr.subba2015@gmail.com

Abstract
This is a review of suicides through post-mortem reports committed in Ilam district of Nepal. The review is base on all total 112 post-mortem reports of three consecutive fiscal years (2001/02, 3002/03, 2003/04) available in District Health Office Ilam. Epi-Info software used to analyze the samples on the computer. Findings showed the ethnic distribution of the samples was indigenous Janajati 53.7%, Brahmin 29.5%, Dalit 8.9%, and Chhetri 8%. The sex ratio of female to male was 2:1. The mean age of suicide noticed in male 34 years and in female 35 years. Suicides from Ilam municipality, Mangalbare, and Maipokhari villages recorded high. Means of suicides were hanging 71.43%, organophosphate poisoning 12.5% and weapon 1.79%, fire 1.79%, fall 1.79%, and drown 0.89%. The highest suicides noted in 20-29 ages group. The trend of suicides was increasing over the past 11 years (1992-2003) in the district.

Keywords
Suicide, Demographic Information, Trend, Ilam Nepal.
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