Historically, the district’s name was derived from a Kirat king Maranghang/Mawarang, later called Morang during the Kirat regime for the Kirat administrative zone.[i] Gograha was its old name Biratnagar, present Morang district headquarters under the Koshi region. During the Rana regime, the term Biratnagar was coined based on the Birat kingdom. During the Mahabharata period, Birat was a king of Kirat [ii]. Today people believe that King Birat’s actual capital of the Mahabharata period was located in Budhanagar V.D.C., 10 km southeast of Biratnagar. The district of Morang is one of the districts of Eastern Terai comprising 65 VDCs where 66 government health institutions provide primary health care services.
1.2 Morang: Infrastructure and District Profile Human Development Indicators 2001 of Morang are in better condition in the region and in the country. But the population size of the district is second highest in the country and highest in the Eastern development region [iii].
v Eastern Terai district v Adjoining districts: Panchthar, Ilam, Jhapa, Sunsari, Dhankuta v Area (S.Km.) : 1,855 v Total Population : 914,799 v Biratnagar Sub-metropolitan Population : 181,000 v Number of VDCs : 65 v Sub-Metropolitan City : 1v Number of Ilakas : 17v Electoral Constituencies : 7
|Health Institutions v Hospitals: 2 (Koshi Zonal, Rangeli Hospital) v Primary Health Care Centres: 7 (Jhorahat, Haraicha, Mangalbare, Letang, Bahuni, Jhurkia, Rani) v Health Posts: 10 (Babiyabirta, Bayarban, Ranjani, Budhanagar, Dadarbairiya, Hasandaha, Kerabari, Madhumalla, Majhare, Tankisinwari) v Sub Health Post: 49 v FCHV: 655 (VDCs=585, Biratnagar S-metro=70) v TBAs= 336, EPI-ORC= 303 v PHC-ORC= 281 (Fund raised Rs. 33,718.00) v Ayurvedic= 2, Nursing Home: 7, Pvt. Hospital =2|
[i] NPC, Jilla Bastugat Bibaran Morang, National Planning Commission, Statistical Section Morang, 2062
[ii] Chemjong, I.S. (2003) The History and Culture of Kirat People, KYC Lalitpur, Nepal